New research examines use of nanotechnology to improve delivery of drugs to HIV patients

New research led by the University of Liverpool aims to improve the administration and availability of drug therapies to HIV patients through the use of nanotechnology. The research, conducted by the collaborative nanomedicine research programme led by Pharmacologist Professor Andrew Owen and Materials Chemist Professor Steve Rannard, examined the use of nanotechnology to improve the delivery of drugs to HIV patients. Nanotechnology is the manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale. Nanomedicine is the application of nanotechnology to the prevention and treatment of disease in the human body. This evolving discipline has the potential to dramatically change medical science and is already having an impact in a number of clinically used therapies and diagnostics worldwide.

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RFID technology expected to reduce lost baggage by 25%

Delta is implementing a new $50 million baggage-handling system based on radio frequency identification (RFID) technology that is expected to reduce the number of the airline’s lost and mishandled bags by 25%. Early this year, Delta began converting from the long-time industry standard —  bags tracked via optical bar-code scanners — to a system in which bags are tracked and identified via radio frequencies. Once the system is fully installed, Delta will be making more extensive use of RFID tracking technology than any airline in the world, according to Camilli-Gay. The technology itself is not new. McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas, for example, has been using radio frequencies to track all baggage it handles since 2005. And Australia’s Qantas began using RFID baggage tracking for frequent fliers within its domestic network in 2010. Those who have checked bags in Las Vegas in the past decade or on some Delta flights this year might have been unaware of the RFID tracking system, in large part because the bag tags appear similar to those used in the standard barcode system. What passengers can’t see is that within each RFID tag is a small, embedded chip and a radio antenna.

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Inkjet printing system takes lead in OLED thin film encapsulation

Kateeva, an OLED production equipment leader, reported that its YIELDjet™ FLEX system has earned a commanding lead in the key organic layer deposition step in the OLED Thin Film Encapsulation (TFE) market. Since the novel inkjet printing solution debuted in manufacturing in 2014, the company has secured the vast majority of available TFE orders. Customers include the world's largest flat panel display manufacturers located in three key Asia regions. TFE is a critical step in the flexible OLED manufacturing process. It gives thinness and flexibility to the OLED device, and helps reduce overall manufacturing costs. OLEDs utilizing TFE are revolutionizing the consumer electronics industry by enabling exciting new mobile products that are bendable, foldable and even roll-able. Kateeva's YIELDjet FLEX system helped catalyze the transition to the new display technology by solving key technical challenges that previously made mass-producing OLEDs with TFE, including flexible OLEDs, economically unviable.

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New perovskite research discoveries may lead to solar cell, LED advances

Perovskites are optically active, semiconducting compounds that are known to display intriguing electronic, light-emitting and chemical properties. Over the last few years, lead-halide perovskites have become one of the most promising semiconductors for solar cells due to their low cost, easier processability and high power conversion efficiencies. Photovoltaics made of these materials now reach power conversion efficiencies of more than 20 percent. Vela's research, who is an associate professor of chemistry at Iowa State University (ISU), has focused on mixed-halide perovskites.

Halides are simple and abundant, negatively charged compounds, such as iodide, bromide and chloride. Mixed-halide perovskites are of interest over single-halide perovskites for a variety of reasons. Mixed-halide perovskites appear to benefit from enhanced thermal and moisture stability, which makes them degrade less quickly than single-halide perovskites, Vela said. He added they can be fine-tuned to absorb sunlight at specific wavelengths, which makes them useful for tandem solar cells and many other applications, including light emitting diodes (LEDs). Using these compounds, scientists can control the colour and efficiency of such energy conversion devices.

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Fish farm monitoring in Vietnam by controlling water quality in ponds and tanks

Vietnam is one of the main worldwide fish producers and exporters. Its annual fish production is approximately of 5.699.250 tons which supposes an export value of 1,7 billion USD. The main markets for its production are Europe, USA, Mexico and China. The European Union has already warned the wholesalers to establish tougher control measures on the quality of fish and also on the farming conditions. PHA Distribution, one of the leading IoT & ICT distributors in Vietnam market, has deployed a wireless sensor network in a Vietnamese fish farm in Thanh Bình District, Dong Thap Province, next to Mekong river, with Libelium’s Waspmote Plug & Sense! Sensor Platform. The aim of the project is to monitor in real-time different parameters to control water quality and prevent some diseases that could affect fish in order to improve the quality and quantity of the production.

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Barilla, the revolution of smart labels is arriving

The internet of thing goes into the food industry. The pioneer in this field is Barilla that has created an innovative project with Cisco Italia with the support of the neapolitan company Penelope and NTT Data Italia to create a limited edition of the pasta format “Farfalle” and the “Sugo al Basilico”, monitored/traced in all stages of their production. The declared  goal is to offer consumers a new experience, founded on the opportunity to learn in a digital format the “history” of the product through a QR code placed on the packaging. The project, born and developed in Italy, aims to create a virtuous system in which various players of the food sector interact (companies, public and private organizations, public bodies) and to realize a “global database” of food products. The latter ones will have a digital passport that will accompany them during their lives, making them more “familiar” to consumers.

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